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One of the Largest Native American Tribes Has Just Voted to End Their 100-Year Dependency on Coal

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailEmailShare to RedditRedditRedditShare to MoreAddThisMoreFor almost an entire century, the Navajo Nation has been economically dependent on coal – but after approving a historic new piece of legislation last month, the tribe will now be pursuing more eco-friendly alternatives.After nearly eight years of deliberation, the Navajo Council recently announced that they would no longer be pursuing the acquisition of a coal-fired power plant in Arizona.Upon rejecting the mine’s purchase in an 11-9 vote, the committee passed a new piece of legislation which highlighted the tribe’s commitment to investing in more sustainable sources of revenue and renewable energy. Since the Navajo Nation is the second largest native tribe in America by populace, their shift away from coal is a landmark moment for national climate action.RELATED: Native American Tribe Donates $184,000 to Cover Funeral Costs of Alabama Tornado Victims“For close to 100 years, the Navajo Nation has been a strong traditional energy producer. In that time, government revenue from energy production has supported the Nation in becoming the strongest and most robust tribal government in the United States, propelling our people in endeavors our forbearers would have never imagined,” said Navajo Council Speaker Seth Damon.“Last night, that Navajo Nation Council signaled that it is time for change,” he added. “Expanding tourism, alternative energy development, carbon credits, and manufacturing are all ideas that this council is pursuing to ensure that a healthy government can continue to provide for its people.MORE: Oil Company Surrenders 15 Land Leases on Sacred Native American Land“As we have done through centuries of interaction with external actors, it is critical that our people band together and support one another. We are a proud nation that has existed on this land since time immemorial. The Navajo Nation Government may have been originally organized to approve energy leases. Though, as evidenced by the innumerable services the government provides, it is not the sole purpose of the government today.“Our people, our sovereignty, and our right to self-determination predate the first coal seam found on Navajo, and we will endure and thrive together.”Clean Up Negativity By Sharing The Good News With Your Friends On Social Media…AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailEmailShare to RedditRedditRedditShare to MoreAddThisMorelast_img read more

Garth sets school three-point record in Lamar’s Southland-opening win

first_imgLamar sports informationBEAUMONT – Senior James Harrison scored a career-high 22 points to lead Lamar to a Southland Conference opening victory over Houston Baptist, but it was junior Nick Garth who took center stage becoming the Cardinals all-time leader in three-point fields. LU defeated the Huskies, 86-68, Thursday evening at the Montagne Center to improve to 9-5 on the season and 1-0 in Southland Conference play.“This one was important from the standpoint that you always want to start league play with a victory and protect your home court,” said LU head coach Tic Price. “We came out and hit some big shots tonight. Houston Baptist didn’t wilt under the weight of LU’s strong shooting. The Huskies shot nearly 57 percent from the field in the second, to overcome a 9-of-31 (.290) performance in the opening half. HBU struggled at the free throw line converting just 8 of 15 (.533) attempts.Harrison set the pace with his career-high performance (his third consecutive career-high), but he wasn’t the only Cardinal to walk away with a career effort Thursday. Junior Josh Nzeakor scored 12 points and pulled down a career-high 16 rebounds. Senior Zjori Bosha scored 19 points on a near perfect 8-of-10 (.800) performance.Garth came off the bench to score 13 points on 5-of-11, including three triples. It was his second three-ball of the night that made him the school’s all-time leader in that category. Garth eclipsed Matt Sundblad who hit 192 three-pointers from 1995-99.The shorthanded Huskies finished the night with two players in double figures led by Ian DuBose’s 18. “The thing that I think I’m the most proud of tonight is we played unselfish basketball,” added Price. “We had 22 assists on 33 field goals. I thought we were very dominant on the boards. Houston Baptist is a very good rebounding team. The Huskies had 26 offensive rebounds at Michigan State.“James got the start and hit some big shots for us all night. I thought Nick did the same thing coming off the bench, and Josh Nzeakor was strong tonight in the paint with a double-double. This was a true team effort,” added Price.The Cardinals opened the game on a 10-0 run, and didn’t allow the Huskies to dent the scoreboard until the 15:24 mark when Jalon Gates hit a three-pointer. The Huskies would trim the deficit down to four points before Big Red pushed it back to double digits.The remainder of the half continued to be a cat and mouse performance that saw LU gain a double-digit lead only to have the Huskies trim it back to four points. Garth’s record-setting three-ball came with 5:35remaining the first half to give the Cardinals back an 11-point lead, 34-23. The Huskies would score six of the final eight points in the half to go into the locker room down by six.The cat-and-mouse game continued until the 17:05 mark of the second half. The Cardinals got a jumper from Harrison in the paint to give LU a nine-point advantage. The basket sparked a 14-6 run to give the LU a 17-point lead with 14:26 remaining. Big Red pushed its lead to 18 points before the Huskies began to chip away again.Sparked by an Oliver Lynch-Daniels three-pointer with just under 13 minutes remaining, the Huskies rattled off eight consecutive points to pull within 10 – all eight points coming from Lynch-Daniels. The Cardinals immediately responded with an and-one from junior Torey Noel followed by a three-pointer from Harrison (one of five on the night) to reclaim a 16-point advantage. The Huskies never got closer than 13 the rest of the way as LU would push its lead to as many as 20 points in the second half.The Cardinals return to action Saturday when they travel to Corpus Christi to take on the Islanders. The game against A&M-Corpus Christi is slated to tip off at 7:30 p.m. from the American Bank Center. It can be heard live on Newstalk 560 KLVI.center_img “We’re all very happy for Nick Garth. This is a true team out there on the floor. These guys like to hang out and they really root for each other. I don’t know if you could see it after the game, but when Nick was handed the game ball his teammates were more excited than he was.”The Cardinals finished the night shooting nearly 49 percent from the field (33 of 68) following a strong second-half performance. LU connected on nearly 64 percent of their attempts in the second half, including a 6-of-9 (.667) from three-point range during that stretch.It wasn’t just the effort on the offensive end that led to the victory. The Cards outworked a good rebounding team on the glass, 43-33, including 18 offensive rebounds.last_img read more

Drama Book Shop, Now Owned by Hamilton Team, Will Reopen in 2020; David Korins to Design New Location

first_img Lin-Manuel Miranda View Comments Star Files “The Drama Book Shop is the heart and soul of the New York theater community,” said Miranda. “It’s been an oasis in midtown for a century of storytellers and theater fans alike—a safe space to gather, to learn and to find great books and music. I found my collaborators there. I wrote drafts of In the Heights there. Freestyle Love Supreme was born there. I made sure the first book-signing of Hamilton: The Revolution was held there. The Drama Book Shop is home. To the next generation of dramatists, actors, directors, composers, choreographers, designers and theater enthusiasts: the stage is set…Come in. Discover. Enjoy.””I was in The Drama Book Shop most days of the week from December 2001 until May 2005,” said Kail. “My career started there. My life in New York City started there. I am proud to be part of this group that will reintroduce this vital source of inspiration for our city, and present countless others the same opportunity that it provided me and so many others.”In business for nearly 100 years, the unique Drama Book Shop specializes in all things printed for the theater or arts lover—from librettos, plays and screenplays to works on theater craft, dramatic techniques, music and biographies of film and theater’s greats.Korins’ design of the new shop will be inspired by European cafés of the last century and their role in the exchange and celebration of ideas. More information on a specific opening date for the shop will be announced soon. The Drama Book Shop is returning to NYC. The iconic retailer of theater scripts and books, which was forced to close last year, will reopen in March 2020 at 266 West 39th Street, one block from the store’s prior location. Tony nominee David Korins will design the new space, which, as previously announced, will be owned by his Hamilton collaborators Lin-Manuel Miranda, Thomas Kail and Jeffrey Seller, as well as James L. Nederlander.  David Korins’ rendering of the new Drama Book Shop(Provided by Rubenstein) Lin-Manuel Miranda & Thomas Kail(Photo: Bruce Glikas for Broadway.com)last_img read more

Brandthropology launches “The Benefactory” with Laboratory B and Vermont Technology Alliance as first tenants

first_imgBrandthropology, Inc,Brandthropology announced the creation of a tech & arts hive called “The Benefactory.”  The space will host various groups that benefit the community within the firm’s offices in the Soda Plant on Pine Street. Initial tenants include Laboratory B and the Vermont Technology Alliance.“We’ve been inspired by the creative community that surrounds us on Pine Street, within Burlington and the greater Vermont community,” said Matthew Dodds, Chief Brandthropologist and the company’s founder. “We’ve been excited to see the maker space movement grow locally, and are launching a new hybrid, one that takes a tech/arts/marketing angle, all wrapped up in a ‘maker difference’ theme.  Imagine MacGyver meets Matisse meets Madmen meets Mother Theresa.”Matthew Dodds from Brandthropology and Jesse Krembs and Justin England from Laboratory B celebrate the signing of their new lease in The Benefactory.Brandthropology, now celebrating its thirteenth anniversary, has been an active community supporter over the years, providing pro-bono counsel and services for area non-profits including ReSource, the Vermont Technology Alliance and the Williston Food Shelf.   The firm also supports the local arts community, hosting talks and free educational seminars on marketing topics in venues such as CCTV’s “Media Maven” series, SEABA seminars and TEDx events. “Setting aside a community-focused space and branding it as ‘The Benefactory’ is a way to give physical expression to our vision of what highly evolved marketing is all about,” said Matthew Dodds. “We believe that technology, creatively engaged against community needs, represents the greatest opportunity we have to positively impact the world.  It’s only natural that Vermont, with its history of technological and social innovation, should lead the way.”About BrandthropologyBrandthropology is an award-winning Vermont-based marketing firm working with a diverse mix of international, national and local clients. The company specializes in brand development driven by the creation and administration of highly evolved marketing ecosystems. Equally at ease in both traditional and digital environments, the firm’s integrated approach and metrics-informed processes evolve brands, ensuring that their clients stay in concert with customer and prospect needs. www.brandthropology.com(link is external)last_img read more

Is psychology really in crisis?

first_imgShare Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Modern psychology is apparently in crisis. This claim is nothing new. From phrenology to psychoanalysis, psychology has traditionally had an uneasy scientific status. Indeed, the philosopher of science, Karl Popper, viewed Freud’s theories as a typical example of pseudoscience because no test could ever show them to be false. More recently, psychology has feasted on a banquet of extraordinary findings whose scientific credibility has also been questioned.Some of these extraordinary findings include Daryl Bem’s experiments, published in 2011, that seem to show future events influence the past. Bem, an emeritus professor at Cornell University, revealed that people are more likely to remember a list of words if they practise them after a recall test, compared with practising them before the test. In another study, he showed that people are significantly better than chance at selecting which of two curtains hide a pornographic image.Then there’s Yale’s John Bargh who in 1996 reported that, when unconsciously primed with an “elderly stereotype” (by unscrambling jumbled sentences containing words such as “Florida” and “bingo”), people subsequently walk more slowly. Add to this Roy Baumeister who in 1998 presented evidence suggesting we have a finite store of will-power which is sapped whenever we resist temptations such as eating chocolates. Or, in the same year, Ap Dijksterhuis and Ad Van Knippenberg showing that performance on Trivial Pursuit is better after people list typical characteristics of a professor rather than those of a football hooligan. LinkedIncenter_img Pinterest Email These studies are among the most controversial in psychology. Not least because other researchers have had difficulty replicating the experiments. These types of studies raise concerns about the methods psychologists use, but also more broadly about psychology itself.Do not repeatA survey of 1,500 scientists published in Nature last month indicated that 24% of them said they had published a successful replication and 13% published an unsuccessful replication. Contrast this with over a century of psychology publications, where just 1% of papers attempted to replicate past findings.Editors and reviewers have been complicit in a systemic bias that has resulted in high-profile psychology journals becoming storehouses for the strange. Many psychologists are obsessed with the “impact factors” of journals (as are the journals) – and one way to increase impact is to publish curios. Certain high-impact journals have a reputation of publishing curios that never get replicated but which attract lots of attention for the author and journal. By contrast, confirming the findings of others through replication is unattractive, rare and relegated to less prestigious journals.Despite psychology’s historical abandonment of replication, is the tide turning? This year, a crowd-sourced initiative – the OSC Reproducibility project – attempted to replicate 100 published findings in psychology. The multinational collaborators replicated just over a third (36%) of the studies. Does this mean that psychological findings are unreliable?Replication projects are selective, targeting studies that are cheaper and less technically complicated to replicate or those that are simply unbelievable. Other projects such as “Many Labs” have reported a replication rate of 77%. All initiatives are non-random and headline replication rates reflect the studies that are sampled. Even if a random sample of studies were examined, we don’t know what would constitute an acceptable replication rate in psychology. This is not an issue specific to psychology. As John Ioannidis noted: “most published research findings are false””. After all, scientific hypotheses are our current best guesses about phenomena, not a simple accumulation of truths.Questionable research practicesThe frustration of many psychologists is palpable because it seems so easy to publish evidence consistent with almost any hypothesis. A likely cause of both unusual findings and non-replicability is psychologists indulging in questionable research practices (QRPs).In 2012, a survey of 2,000 American psychologists found that most indulged in QRPs. Some 67% admitted selectively reporting studies that “worked”, while 74% failed to report all measures they had used. The survey also found that 71% continued to collect data until a significant result was obtained and 54% reported unexpected findings as if they were expected. And 58% excluded data after analyses. Astonishingly, more than one-third admitted they had doubts about the integrity of their own research on at least one occasion and 1.7% admitted to having faked their data.The problems associated with modern psychology are longstanding and cultural, with researchers, reviewers, editors, journals and news-media all prioritising and benefiting from the quest for novelty. This systemic bias, coupled with minimal agreement on fundamental principles in certain areas of psychology, means questionable research practices can flourish – consciously or unconsciously. Large-scale replication projects will not address the cultural problems and may even exacerbate them by presenting replication as something special that we use to target the unbelievable. Replication – whether judged as failed or successful – is a fundamental aspect of normal science and needs to be both more common and more valued by psychologists and psychology journals.By Keith Laws, Professor of Cognitive Neuropsychology, University of HertfordshireThis article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.last_img read more

World’s first LNG-powered bulk carrier

first_imgGet instant access to must-read content today!To access hundreds of features, subscribe today! At a time when the world is forced to go digital more than ever before just to stay connected, discover the in-depth content our subscribers receive every month by subscribing to gasworld.Don’t just stay connected, stay at the forefront – join gasworld and become a subscriber to access all of our must-read content online from just $270. Subscribelast_img

Freedom of information and datasets

first_imgIn January, the government announced plans to amend the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (FoI) to ensure public authorities proactively release data in a way that allows businesses, non-profit organisations and others to reuse it for social and commercial purposes. OpenlyLocal, a local government data aggregation site, has said that, at present, most councils do not provide ‘fully’ open data that could be reused and distributed, while the cabinet minister Francis Maude accused councils last year of ‘deliberately making data unusable to anyone else’. On the other hand, some authorities have expressed concerns about FoI being ‘abused’ by the private sector. They have cited ­examples of FoI requests where they are effectively asked to do unpaid research or to supply information, which is then sold on to other public authorities. Clause 92 of the Protection of Freedoms Bill, currently going through parliament, contains proposals to require all public authorities to release datasets in a reusable electronic format. If passed, which seems likely, it will mean more FoI requests from commercial companies and data aggregators, and fewer reasons for public authorities to say no. Datasets to be released in reusable electronic form Clause 92 of the bill will amend section 11 of FoI (means by which communication is to be made). At present, section 11 allows a requester to choose the format of the information to be supplied to them. As long as this is reasonably practicable the public authority must give effect to his preference. A new section 11(1A) will mean that in future, where a request is made for information held by a public authority that is a dataset, or which forms part of a dataset, and the applicant requests that information be communicated in an electronic form, then the public authority must, so far as is reasonably practicable, provide the information in an electronic form that is capable of reuse. This is in a machine-readable form using open standards which enables its reuse and manipulation. Thus, in future, authorities will be prevented from turning an Excel spreadsheet into a PDF document before releasing it in order to stop recipients conducting their own analysis or reformatting the data. New section 11(1A) uses the words ‘so far as is reasonably practicable’. There is no absolute duty for datasets to be provided in a reusable format because it is recognised that, in some instances, there may be practical difficulties in relation to costs and IT to convert the format of the information. A dataset is a collection of information held in electronic form where all or most of the information meets the four criteria set out in the following paragraphs (of the new section 11(5) of FoI):Examples of the types of datasets which meet the definition will include postcodes and references used to identify properties, spend data, lists of assets and information about job roles in a public authority. Proactive publication What is a dataset? Reuse of copyright workscenter_img Ibrahim Hasan, solicitor and director of Act Now Training Once a dataset is disclosed following an FoI request, the Protection of Freedoms Bill amends FoI to place obligations on the public authority to make that dataset more widely available. Under new section 19(2A) of FoI, publication schemes must include a requirement for the public authority to publish any dataset it holds, which is requested by an applicant, and any updated version of the dataset. All datasets published in this way will have to, where reasonably practicable, be in an electronic form which is capable of reuse and any relevant copyright work within it will have to be made available for reuse in accordance with the terms of the specified licence (as above). New section 19(2A) requires ­authorities to publish any dataset as discussed above unless ‘the authority is satisfied that it is not appropriate for the dataset to be ­published’. The Campaign for Freedom of Information, in its submission to the Protection of Freedoms Bill Committee on clause 92 of the bill, has criticised this carveout as not within the spirit of the act and because it involves a subjective element which will be difficult for the information commissioner to oversee. It remains to be seen whether this provision is amended as per the campaign’s suggestion to a ‘reasonably practicable’ test.Clause 92(5)(a) of the bill amends section 45 of the FoI (issue of code of practice) to insert a new requirement for the code of practice to include provision relating to the disclosure by public authorities of datasets held by them. Paragraph (b) of the same clause sets out the different provisions relating to the reuse and disclosure of datasets that may, in particular, be included in the code. Paragraph (c) amends section 45(3) of the FoI so as to provide for the possibility of making more than one code of practice under section 45, each of which makes different provision for different public authorities. The new FoI obligations to be ­introduced by the Protection of Freedoms Bill will no doubt mean more work for public authorities at a time when money is scarce and staff levels are being reduced. There will be at least one new code of practice to implement as well as a new ­publication scheme to adopt. It will be interesting to see the terms of the ‘specified licence’ and to what extent, if at all, public authorities will be able to charge for allowing reuse of datasets. New section 11A(2) provides that, when communicating a dataset to an FoI applicant and all or part of the dataset contains a relevant copyright work, a public authority must make the copyright work available for reuse in accordance with the terms of the specified licence. The terms of such a licence will be specified in a new section 45 of the Code of Practice. It is not known at present whether such licences will allow ­public authorities to charge for ­allowing reuse. The definition of a ‘relevant copyright work’ includes a copyright work – as defined by the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1998 – as well as a database subject to a database right. This provision is designed to prevent public authorities from refusing to release datasets on the basis that they contain a copyright work and so are exempt under section 43 (commercial interests). New section 11A(1) provides for the four criteria which must be met for the new requirement to allow reuse of datasets (in section 11A(2)) to apply: (a) a person must have made a request for a dataset or part of it; (b) the dataset requested includes a ‘relevant copyright work’; (c) that the public authority is the only owner of the ‘relevant copyright work’ (in other words that it is not owned in whole or in part by a third party); and (d) that the public authority is communicating the relevant copyright work to the requester under the FoI – in other words, it is not being withheld under one of the exemptions. These provisions will require public authority information professionals and lawyers to brush up on their knowledge of copyright and database law. There are many cross-references to the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1998 as well as the Copyright and Rights in Databases Regulations 1997. It has to have been obtained or recorded for the purpose of providing a public authority with information in connection with the provision of a service by the authority or the carrying out of any other function of the authority; It is factual information which (a) is not the product of interpretation or analysis other than calculation, in other words that it is the ‘raw’ or ‘source’ data; and (b) is not an official statistic – the meaning given by the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 (SRSA) (official statistics have been excluded from the definition of datasets because the production and publication of official statistics is provided for separately in the SRSA 2007); and It remains presented in a way that – except for the purpose of forming part of the collection – has not been organised, adapted or otherwise materially altered since it was obtained or recorded (datasets which have had ‘value’ added to them or which have been materially altered, for example in the form of analysis, representation or application of other expertise, would not fall within the definition).last_img read more

HHLA buys Transiidikeskuse terminal

first_imgTransiidikeskuse is a container freight and multipurpose cargo terminal operator, which handles a range of cargoes including breakbulk and ro-ro. Muuga has developed into a key port in the Baltic region – a result of significant infrastructural developments, such as the Rail Baltica project.Angela Titzrath, chairwoman of HHLA’s executive board, said that Estonia is one of the fastest growing economies in Europe and that one of HHLA’s targets is to grow internationally. “The acquisition enables us to enter a promising regional market that offers growth potential as a result of its geographic position and its link to the ‘New Silk Road’.”The deal is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2018; Transiidikeskuse will become a subsidiary of HHLA International. Transiidikeskuse’s owner and founder, Anatoli Kanajev, will join the supervisory board. hhla.dewww.tk.eelast_img read more

LLPs warned on tax avoidance crackdown

first_imgMembers of limited liability partnerships still face uncertainty – and the prospect of big, unexpected tax bills – under measures aimed at curbing tax avoidance, business tax advisers warned last week.New rules aimed at curbing the abuse of partnership status by ‘disguised employees’ for tax reasons come into force on 6 April.Revised guidance on the measures, published by HM Revenue & Customs late last month, was welcomed by the sector. They offer some relief on the three conditions a member must meet to claim partner status, covering profit share, influence in the business and capital invested.Pamela Sayers, partner at accountants Smith & Williamson, said rules now recognise that a partner can have ‘significant influence’ without a formal management role. ‘This will definitely help smaller partnerships,’ she said.However, she warned that the rules are ‘still lacking in clarity’ and could catch out partners operating remotely, for example in the London office of a US-based firm. She pointed out that legislation covering the changes will not be published until the summer.Several firms have overhauled partnership structures ahead of the new rules’ implementation.last_img read more

Metros

first_imgAzerbaijan: Baku metro chief Tagi Ahmadov has complained that the state budget for 2001 only allocates 10bn manats for the network, compared to the 66bn manats needed. Repairs require 32bn manats, and a large percentage of the fleet is out of use awaiting repairs.Belgium: Bombardier is to supply 10 low-floor intermediate sections for LRVs on the Belgian coastal tramway by summer 2002, at a cost of 6·2m euros. De Lijn expects to order two further batches of 11 centre sections each in 2001 and 2002, bringing the price to 19·8m euros.Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state government is to borrow R$222·8m from federal development bank BNDES to fund the renewal and extension of the city’s metro over the next three years.Bulgaria: Japan Bank for International Co-operation has approved a loan of US$118m for expansion of the Sofia metro, guaranteed by the state.Canada: OC Transpo was due to take delivery last month of three Bombardier Talent diesel railcars for the Ottawa light rail project. Consultants have been appointed to study links between Kanata Business Park and Merivale Road, and from Place du Portage in Hull to Ottawa across the Prince of Wales bridge.France: Paris Transport Authority carried record traffic last year, with metro trips up 4·7% at 1 240 million and RER traffic up by 5·1%. This year should see a major order placed for replacement metro rolling stock.Great Britain: West Yorkshire PTE and Leeds City Council were granted a Transport & Works Order on December 20 covering the three routes of the city’s planned Supertram light rail network.Italy: Palermo’s Azienda Municipalizzata Autotrasporti has been granted a 88m euro loan from EIB towards the construction of three tram lines, which are due to open in 2005. The 4·8 km Leonardo da Vinci line will have 13 stops, the 5·6 km Roccella line 15 and the 4·4 km Calatafimi line 12.Netherlands: A 1·9 km light rail shuttle has been introduced between Houten and a new housing development at Houten Castellum, worked by an ex-Hannover LRV. The service uses one track of an NS quadrupling scheme due to be completed in 2005, with the aid of a portable 1·5 kV to 600V transformer.HTM has taken an option to buy 50 second-hand trams from üstra of Hannover, to run on the Zoetermeer suburban line currently operated by NS.Portugal: Indra of Spain has been awarded a 16·23 million euros contract to supply a new fare collection system to Metropolitano de Lisboa. Magnetic stripe ticketing will be introduced alongside contactless smart cards.Spain: Metro de Sevilla has received nine bids for outline design of the city’s proposed four-line metro (RG 10.00 p630). Under a separate six-month contract worth Pts132m, abandoned tunnels between La Plata and Gran Plaza will be surveyed for use in the new scheme.The Gregorio Marañón – Tribunal section of Madrid metro Line 10 reopened on December 21, following the completion of tunnel widening (RG 1.01 p51). The Pts3bn project included excavating new tunnels around the existing bores at Alonso Martínez and Tribunal.Tunisia: European Investment Bank has approved a 30m euro loan towards the construction by 2005 of a 6·7 km light rail line linking Tunis central station to El Mourouj. Ten stations are to be built, 15 new vehicle sets acquired and 3·2 km of the existing Line 1 will be upgraded. USA: Dallas Area Rapid Transit opened its first underground light rail station at Cityplace on December 18.last_img read more