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On the brink of a mental health revolution

first_imgBBC:One in four of us will suffer some form of mental illness during our lifetimes.Historically, many of these conditions have been beyond our understanding, but now scientists believe we are on the verge of a revolution in how mental health problems are approached.Professor Tom Insel, director of the $1.5bn National Institute of Mental Health in the United States, told Newsnight there is a profound change taking place, and science and technology is key to that change:“We are really facing a tipping point here with research in mental illness. We have gone through a revolution in how we can look at the brain.We can begin to understand which circuits are involved, and how the brain is wired. We have never had a full wiring diagram of the human brain. We are getting that now.”Read the full story: BBC More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

Is psychology really in crisis?

first_imgShare Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Modern psychology is apparently in crisis. This claim is nothing new. From phrenology to psychoanalysis, psychology has traditionally had an uneasy scientific status. Indeed, the philosopher of science, Karl Popper, viewed Freud’s theories as a typical example of pseudoscience because no test could ever show them to be false. More recently, psychology has feasted on a banquet of extraordinary findings whose scientific credibility has also been questioned.Some of these extraordinary findings include Daryl Bem’s experiments, published in 2011, that seem to show future events influence the past. Bem, an emeritus professor at Cornell University, revealed that people are more likely to remember a list of words if they practise them after a recall test, compared with practising them before the test. In another study, he showed that people are significantly better than chance at selecting which of two curtains hide a pornographic image.Then there’s Yale’s John Bargh who in 1996 reported that, when unconsciously primed with an “elderly stereotype” (by unscrambling jumbled sentences containing words such as “Florida” and “bingo”), people subsequently walk more slowly. Add to this Roy Baumeister who in 1998 presented evidence suggesting we have a finite store of will-power which is sapped whenever we resist temptations such as eating chocolates. Or, in the same year, Ap Dijksterhuis and Ad Van Knippenberg showing that performance on Trivial Pursuit is better after people list typical characteristics of a professor rather than those of a football hooligan. LinkedIncenter_img Pinterest Email These studies are among the most controversial in psychology. Not least because other researchers have had difficulty replicating the experiments. These types of studies raise concerns about the methods psychologists use, but also more broadly about psychology itself.Do not repeatA survey of 1,500 scientists published in Nature last month indicated that 24% of them said they had published a successful replication and 13% published an unsuccessful replication. Contrast this with over a century of psychology publications, where just 1% of papers attempted to replicate past findings.Editors and reviewers have been complicit in a systemic bias that has resulted in high-profile psychology journals becoming storehouses for the strange. Many psychologists are obsessed with the “impact factors” of journals (as are the journals) – and one way to increase impact is to publish curios. Certain high-impact journals have a reputation of publishing curios that never get replicated but which attract lots of attention for the author and journal. By contrast, confirming the findings of others through replication is unattractive, rare and relegated to less prestigious journals.Despite psychology’s historical abandonment of replication, is the tide turning? This year, a crowd-sourced initiative – the OSC Reproducibility project – attempted to replicate 100 published findings in psychology. The multinational collaborators replicated just over a third (36%) of the studies. Does this mean that psychological findings are unreliable?Replication projects are selective, targeting studies that are cheaper and less technically complicated to replicate or those that are simply unbelievable. Other projects such as “Many Labs” have reported a replication rate of 77%. All initiatives are non-random and headline replication rates reflect the studies that are sampled. Even if a random sample of studies were examined, we don’t know what would constitute an acceptable replication rate in psychology. This is not an issue specific to psychology. As John Ioannidis noted: “most published research findings are false””. After all, scientific hypotheses are our current best guesses about phenomena, not a simple accumulation of truths.Questionable research practicesThe frustration of many psychologists is palpable because it seems so easy to publish evidence consistent with almost any hypothesis. A likely cause of both unusual findings and non-replicability is psychologists indulging in questionable research practices (QRPs).In 2012, a survey of 2,000 American psychologists found that most indulged in QRPs. Some 67% admitted selectively reporting studies that “worked”, while 74% failed to report all measures they had used. The survey also found that 71% continued to collect data until a significant result was obtained and 54% reported unexpected findings as if they were expected. And 58% excluded data after analyses. Astonishingly, more than one-third admitted they had doubts about the integrity of their own research on at least one occasion and 1.7% admitted to having faked their data.The problems associated with modern psychology are longstanding and cultural, with researchers, reviewers, editors, journals and news-media all prioritising and benefiting from the quest for novelty. This systemic bias, coupled with minimal agreement on fundamental principles in certain areas of psychology, means questionable research practices can flourish – consciously or unconsciously. Large-scale replication projects will not address the cultural problems and may even exacerbate them by presenting replication as something special that we use to target the unbelievable. Replication – whether judged as failed or successful – is a fundamental aspect of normal science and needs to be both more common and more valued by psychologists and psychology journals.By Keith Laws, Professor of Cognitive Neuropsychology, University of HertfordshireThis article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.last_img read more

PCN adds Europrim Group / Agabaritic Transport in Romania

first_imgHeadquartered in Bucharest, the business began trading in 2004 and employs 35 members of staff in freight forwarding, across a number of offices including Bucharest Constanta, Brasov, Oradea and Deva. The Europrim Group offers the full range of freight forwarding services by air, sea and road with the Agabaritic Transport division specialising in special movements on its own fleet of vehicles for wind turbines, agricultural and construction equipment, silos, oil and energy industry equipment, chemicals, boats, heavy machinery More information about Agabaritic Transport can be found here: www.agabaritic-transport.comlast_img read more

GAME NOTES: West Florida to continue conference play on the road

first_imgPENSACOLA, Fla. – The University of West Florida men’s basketball will hit the road this weekend to face Gulf South Conference opponents in the University of West Alabama on Jan. 10 and then the University of West Georgia on Jan. 12.The Argonauts will first take on West Alabama Jan. 10 in Livingston, Alabama at 4 p.m. CT. The Tigers have a record of 9-7 this season and are seventh in the GSC with a record of 4-4.UWF will then travel to Carrollton, Georgia for a match-up against West Georgia Jan. 12 at 7:30 p.m. ET. The Wolves are currently 9-3 this season and are fifth in the GSC with a record of 4-3. Around the GSCGulf South Conference men’s basketball teams returned from holiday break, while Christian Brothers and West Alabama were the only two squads to have a non-conference and a GSC game(s) on the week. The Bucs closed 2014 with a commanding 92-68 win over Harding and then claimed a 77-74 double-overtime win against Valdosta State on Saturday. The Tigers defeated Auburn-Montgomery 95-67 on New Year’s Day, but fell to Shorter on Saturday, 69-78. Union claimed an 82-79 win over West Florida and now stands alone atop the GSC standings at 5-2 (11-2 overall). This Week in the GSCMonday will see six contests, all conference games. Alabama Huntsville and its GSC-leading 65.2 scoring defense will play host to Delta State, which is averaging 78.6 points-per-game. Mississippi College has strung off three-straight and is slowly rising up the standings. MC will take on North Alabama. West Georgia tops the GSC in scoring offense (88.0 ppg) and will face Shorter, which sports a second-best 86.6 ppg.On Saturday, another six GSC games will be played. Union and its 10.4 scoring margin will host Alabama Huntsville in hopes of shutting down guard Ronnie Mack from beyond the key. Mack leads the GSC in three-point field-goals made with 44. His 119 three-point field-goal attempts currently tops all of NCAA Division II. Straughn leading the GSCUniversity of West Florida senior Erin Straughn (Pensacola, Fla./East Carolina University) is currently leading the Gulf South Conference in 3-point field goal percentage at 49.2 percent. So far this season, Straughn has made five or more three pointers in a game on two separate occasion, including seven against Spring Hill on Nov. 25. Straughn is currently second on the team in points per game at 13.6.Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

Warriors Topp change

first_imgBy RUSSELL BENNETT THE Pakenham Warriors’ remarkable on-court turnaround over the past 12 months was rubber-stamped on Saturday night at…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img

Glorious garden waits to be explored

first_imgBy Bonny Burrows Tucked away in Kooweerup is a whimsical garden oasis just waiting to be explored. And this month…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img

“Galway Baybes” Bid To Challenge Race Around Ireland Record

first_imgA Team of Four Cyclists from Galway will set out in August to challenge one of the toughest endurance races in the World. The Race Around Ireland is an ultra distance cycling event, offering amateur leisure or elite professional cyclists the adventure of a lifetime. Galway Bay FM Sport It is a non-stop cycle, which starts in Trim, Co. Meath on August 27th, will take the riders on a route around the island of Ireland, past some of Ireland’s most historic sights.What is different about this event is that it is non-stop. Solo riders will spend up to 22 hours on their bikes, while the teams rotate as part of a relay, for 24 hours a day. They only have 5 days to finish.It is listed as one of the World’s Toughest Endurance Events, and the heroes of this event are the amateur riders who get an opportunity to compete in this Irish Event with elite riders from all over the world, while endeavouring to finish this mammoth adventure in the allotted time.The team, known as the “Galway Baybes” will attempt to break the women’s relay record for the event.Joanne Murphy, one of the Baybes, joined John on Over The Line shortly after the team was launched. They also spoke about different events coming up in the Triathlon World including the forthcoming Lough Cutra Triathlon.Audio Playerhttps://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/sports.podcast/GALWAY+BAYBES.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. The Galway Baybes Team: Galway Bay FM Sport Galway Baybes Bid To Challenge Race Around Ireland Record 更多 Currently Playing Forward 60 seconds Back 15 seconds print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email Galway Bay FM Sport Back 15 seconds Galway Baybes Bid To Challenge Race Around Ireland Record Galway Baybes Bid To Challenge Race Around Ireland Record Forward 60 seconds Joanne Murphy, Jonathan Gibson, Nigel Forde, Marie Boyle, Brid Naughton, Karen Cassidy and Padraic Bensonlast_img read more

Good week for Daniels at Millstreet International

first_imgGalway man Cathal Daniels has had a good week at Millstreet International in Cork with with his two mounts OLS Back Chat and EI Tanretto DHI. OLS Back Chat, owned by Michelle Nelson and Kieran Connors put in a solid performance all week adding just 4 jumping faults to his dressage score to finish 3rd in the Sport Ireland CCI2*. EI Tanretto DHI owned by Ian Woodhead won the 5 year old Potential Event Horse class.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Emaillast_img

ITM to Introduce Barrier Trials to Ireland

first_imgIrish Thoroughbred Marketing (ITM), with the support of Horse Racing Ireland and the Irish Horseracing Regulatory Board, is coordinating the introduction of Barrier Trials to Ireland, starting at Dundalk Stadium from May 2018. The first set of Trials will take place on May 2 when two batches of six horses will trial before racing at Dundalk. The next date is set for May 6 at the same venue under the same format. Barrier Trials are mock races with horses beginning from starting stalls as they would in official races. In other parts of the world they serve as education and race practice for horses, being especially valuable for unraced horses. There is no material incentive to achieve a best possible placing in a Trial. It is just practice.While those benefits will also apply in Ireland, ITM is primarily motivated to introduce Barrier Trials to Ireland to promote increased sales of unraced horses overseas. This is because certain markets, especially in Asia, will only accept unraced horses and Ireland is missing out on significant sales opportunities as a result.For example, as has been the case over the past year, Hong Kong will import 310 ‘PPGs’ (unraced thoroughbreds) during its 2018/19 season and only a very small percentage of those come from Ireland. The vast majority hail from Australia and New Zealand where Trials have been a feature for decades. It is felt that Ireland will stand a better chance of improving its share of this and other lucrative markets by initiating Barrier Trials.Restricted to unraced 2yo and 3yo horses, those participating must have a starting stalls certificate, be in the care of a fully licensed trainer and be ridden by licensed jockeys under catchweights, ie. without assigned weights, as is the practice overseas. The cost will be €100, payable to Dundalk Racecourse, as is the case for schooling races.The trials will be recorded, timed and available to view on ITM’s website and social media channels. Entries for trials can be made through the ITM website, or by emailing barriertrials@itm.ie. Alternatively, trainers can call 087 112 1625.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Emailcenter_img Ana O’Brien makes all on Key To My Heart to win the 1m 2f fillies maiden.Dundalk Stadium.Photo:Patrick McCann 12.04.2017last_img read more

Connacht Take On Scarlets In Pro14

first_imgWe’ll have full live match commentary from our team Rob Murphy and William Davies here on Galway Bay FM. Elsewhere Leinster face Benetton in Italy at the same time. Munster host the Dragons at 3pm.print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email In the Pro 14 today Connacht are away to Scarlets at 5.15pm with Prop Paddy McAllister set to make his first competitive start in a Connacht jersey. McAllister, who signed from Gloucester in the summer, made his debut in Connacht’s pre-season friendly win over against Munster at The Sportsground last Saturday.last_img read more